基于食品3D打印技术的食品原料研究及应用

杨庆余 王妍文 李响 张依睿 吕春月 罗志刚 肖志刚

杨庆余,王妍文,李响,等. 基于食品3D打印技术的食品原料研究及应用[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(8):1−7. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080264
引用本文: 杨庆余,王妍文,李响,等. 基于食品3D打印技术的食品原料研究及应用[J]. 食品工业科技,2021,42(8):1−7. doi: 10.13386/ j.issn1002-0306.2020080264
YANG Qingyu, WANG Yanwen, LI Xiang, et al. Research and Application of Food Raw Materials Based on Food 3D Printing Technology[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(8): 1−7. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080264
Citation: YANG Qingyu, WANG Yanwen, LI Xiang, et al. Research and Application of Food Raw Materials Based on Food 3D Printing Technology[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2021, 42(8): 1−7. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn 1002-0306.2020080264

基于食品3D打印技术的食品原料研究及应用

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2020080264
基金项目: 辽宁省教育厅科学研究经费重点攻关项目(LZD202002);沈阳市中青年科技创新人才支持计划项目(RC190340);辽宁省“兴辽英才计划”项目(XLYC1807144)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    杨庆余(1982−),男,博士,副教授,研究方向:粮食油脂及植物蛋白工程,E-mail:yangqy0311@163.com

    通讯作者:

    肖志刚(1972−),男,博士,教授,研究方向:粮食油脂及植物蛋白工程,E-mail:zhigang_xiao@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TS201.1

Research and Application of Food Raw Materials Based on Food 3D Printing Technology

  • 摘要: 3D打印技术作为一项新兴的智能食品加工技术,已经被广泛应用在食品、材料、航天、汽车、建筑模型等多个领域。食品3D打印技术又被称为一项“增材制造”技术,具备方便、灵活、高精度等优点,可以实现食品外观、颜色、质地、味道和配方的个性化定制。本文从食品3D打印原理、3D食品材料和应用等方面进行综述,以期为食品3D打印材料的开发和应用奠定基础。
  • 图  1  选择性激光烧结工作原理图[19]

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of selective laser sintering[19]

    图  2  喷墨打印技术工作原理图[21]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of inkjet printing[21]

    图  3  常温挤出型食品3D打印原理图[11]

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of room temperature extrusion[11]

    图  4  熔融沉积打印工作原理图[19,25]

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of fused deposition modeling[19,25]

    表  1  3D打印技术的应用[14-15]

    Table  1.   Application of 3D printing technology[14-15]

    打印方式打印原理打印平台打印原料打印后的产品
    熔融沉积打印(FDM)受热融化,挤压喷出加热原件、挤出原件巧克力、糖粉、奶油等定制巧克力、凝胶糖果等
    光固化技术(SLA)激光点聚集,光敏树脂成型激光扫描系统、光敏涂层系统光敏树脂、糖类等多孔性骨骼、生物支架等
    激光成型技术(DLP)照射液态光聚合物固化成型数字光处理器(DLP)投影仪树脂、亚克力、ABS塑料等适合中小型、精细功能零件
    选择性激光烧结(SLS)红外激光,凝结成型烧结源、粉末层糖、脂肪等太妃糖、定制立体糖
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  3D 打印材料种类[32-34]

    Table  2.   Types of 3D printing materials[32-34]

    食品材料食品原料类型成型机理适用打印技术
    糖类、巧克力、冰淇淋熔融材料受热融化,遇冷凝结熔融沉积(FDM)
    明胶、果胶、淀粉、蛋白凝胶胶凝材料依靠流变学特性以及胶凝特性喷墨打印(IJP)
    面糊、面团、奶酪粘性材料依靠流变学特性以及粘度特性常温挤出成型、选择性激光烧结打印(SLS)
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-08-27
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