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食源性致病菌溯源分型技术研究进展

刘耀 魏元苗 李玲 易伦朝 赵维薇 商颖 曹建新

刘耀,魏元苗,李玲,等. 食源性致病菌溯源分型技术研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):427−437. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021060191
引用本文: 刘耀,魏元苗,李玲,等. 食源性致病菌溯源分型技术研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):427−437. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021060191
LIU Yao, WEI Yuanmiao, LI Ling, et al. Advances in Traceability Typing and Identification of Foodborne Pathogens[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 427−437. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021060191
Citation: LIU Yao, WEI Yuanmiao, LI Ling, et al. Advances in Traceability Typing and Identification of Foodborne Pathogens[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 427−437. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021060191

食源性致病菌溯源分型技术研究进展

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021060191
基金项目: 云南省科技计划项目重点研发计划-社会发展领域(2018BC006);云南省教育厅基金项目(2019J0759)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘耀(1997−),男,硕士研究生,研究方向:食品安全,E-mail:ly903124612@163.com

    通讯作者:

    商颖(1986−),女,博士,副教授,研究方向:食品安全风险因子高通量检测技术,E-mail: sy_foodsafety@kust.edu.cn

    曹建新(1969−),女,博士,教授,研究方向:食品安全风险因子高通量检测技术,E-mail:jxcao321@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: TS207.4

Advances in Traceability Typing and Identification of Foodborne Pathogens

  • 摘要: 食源性致病菌是影响食品质量与安全的主要因素。及时和准确的菌株分型数据能够快速检测暴发集群,为正在进行的感染控制和公共卫生应对活动提供信息,对于食源性疾病的预防与爆发具有重要意义。近年来各种细菌分型方法取得了巨大进展,本文对几种常见食源性致病菌溯源分型技术进行综述,包括血清分型技术、噬菌体分型技术、脉冲场凝胶电泳技术、变性梯度凝胶电泳技术、细菌基因组重复序列PCR技术(Rep-PCR)、低频限制性切割位点PCR技术(IRS-PCR)、扩增片段长度多态性技术(AFLP)、限制性片段长度多态性技术(RFLP)、多位点序列分型技术(MLST)、核心基因组多位点序列分型技术(cgMLST)、单核苷酸多态性分型技术以及基质辅助激光解析电离飞行时间质谱技术(MALDI-TOF-MS)等。针对不同技术的原理对其所适用的环境进行阐述,并对分型溯源能力进行比较分析,为流行病学中食源性致病菌监测方案提供参考依据。
  • 图  1  PFGE溯源原理图

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of PFGE

    图  2  IRS-PCR溯源原理图[47]

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of IRS-PCR[47]

    图  3  AFLP溯源原理图[47]

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of AFLP[47]

    图  4  MALDI-TOF-MS分型流程图[78]

    Figure  4.  Typing flow chart of MALDI-TOF-MS[78]

    表  1  致病性大肠杆菌常见血清型及其流行病学特点[15]

    Table  1.   Common serotypes and epidemiological characteristics of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli[15]

    作用部位易感人群致病因子O抗原常见血清型
    EIEC大肠幼儿、成人侵袭和破坏结肠粘膜上皮细胞O28、29、112、124、136、143、144、152、164、167
    ETEC小肠幼儿、成人肠毒素、定植因子O6、8、15、20、25、27、78、148、159
    EPEC小肠婴幼儿肠毒素、定植因子O2、26、44、55、86、111、114、119、125、126、127、128、142、146、158
    EHEC大肠各年龄段细胞毒素O157:H7
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同分型方法的技术特点

    Table  2.   Technical characteristics of different typing methods

    方法分辨力可重复性周期数据复杂性适用情况
    传统血清分型+ ++ + + ++ + ++临床菌株鉴定
    噬菌体分型+ ++ + + ++ + ++ +临床菌株鉴定
    PFGE+ + ++ + ++ + ++ + +流行病学调查和监控
    DGGE+ ++ + ++ ++ + +流行病学调查和监控
    Rep-PCR+ + + ++ + + ++ ++ + + +流行病学调查和监控
    IRS-PCR+ ++ + ++ ++ + +流行病学调查和监控
    AFLP+ ++ + ++ ++ + +流行病学调查
    RFLP+ + + ++ + ++ ++ + +流行病学调查
    MLST+ ++ + + ++ ++系统发育分析和监控
    cgMLST+ + + ++ + + ++ + ++ + +流行病学调查和系统发育分析
    SNP+ + + + ++ + + ++ + ++ + + +流行病学调查和系统发育分析
    MALDI-TOF-MS+ + ++ + +++ + + +临床菌株鉴定
    注:各技术特点由弱/短(+)到强/长(+ + + + +)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-26
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-08

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