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α-淀粉酶抑制剂构效关系及应用研究进展

李梦洋 常远 冯国军 孙庆申

李梦洋,常远,冯国军,等. α-淀粉酶抑制剂构效关系及应用研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):475−485. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021080293
引用本文: 李梦洋,常远,冯国军,等. α-淀粉酶抑制剂构效关系及应用研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):475−485. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021080293
LI Mengyang, CHANG Yuan, FENG Guojun, et al. Research Progress on Structure-activity Relationship and Application of α-Amylase Inhibitors[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 475−485. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021080293
Citation: LI Mengyang, CHANG Yuan, FENG Guojun, et al. Research Progress on Structure-activity Relationship and Application of α-Amylase Inhibitors[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 475−485. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021080293

α-淀粉酶抑制剂构效关系及应用研究进展

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021080293
基金项目: 黑龙江省“百千万工程”科技重大专项(2019ZX16802)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李梦洋(1980−),女,博士,副教授,研究方向:食品微生物,E-mail:limengyang@hlju.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    冯国军(1966−),男,博士,教授,研究方向:蔬菜种子资源创新与利用,E-mail:feng998@126.com

    孙庆申(1977−),男,博士,教授,研究方向::食品与药品活性物质的挖掘,E-mail:sunqingshen@hlju.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TS231

Research Progress on Structure-activity Relationship and Application of α-Amylase Inhibitors

  • 摘要: α-淀粉酶抑制剂(α-AI)是一类对人、昆虫胰腺和唾液表现出抑制活性的物质,能够降低人体内血糖指数,并能够杀灭害虫,在医药、农业领域有着广泛的应用。本文综述了蛋白质类和非蛋白质类α-淀粉酶抑制剂的来源、结构以及作用机理,重点从构效关系的角度对α-AI的作用机制进行了剖析,同时对α-淀粉酶抑制剂在疾病防治和农业生产及植物保护方面的应用进行了总结。本文为不同来源的α-AI产品的深度开发及应用提供参考。
  • 图  1  黄酮类化合物分子结构[30]

    Figure  1.  Molecular structure of flavonoids[30]

    图  2  酚酸的分子结构[30]

    Figure  2.  Molecular structure of the phenolic acid[30]

    表  1  蛋白质类α-淀粉酶抑制剂性质

    Table  1.   Properties of protein-based α-AI

    抑制剂种类来源名称可作用的α-淀粉酶来源氨基酸数目
    微生物类型抑制剂链霉菌属Tendamistat、Haim、Paim哺乳动物、细菌74
    凝集素样抑制剂普通菜豆α-AI1α-AI2α-AI3哺乳动物、昆虫、真菌240
    谷物类双功能抑制剂印度手指小米RBI(RATI)哺乳动物、昆虫、细菌122
    打结型抑制剂苋属植物AAI昆虫32
    库尼茨型抑制剂大麦BASI、WASI、RASI谷物、昆虫181
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-24
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-08

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