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解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽的生物合成、抑菌机理及应用的研究进展

罗晓娇 孙静 陆颖健

罗晓娇,孙静,陆颖健. 解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽的生物合成、抑菌机理及应用的研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,xxxx,x(x):1−9. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021100259
引用本文: 罗晓娇,孙静,陆颖健. 解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽的生物合成、抑菌机理及应用的研究进展[J]. 食品工业科技,xxxx,x(x):1−9. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021100259
LUO Xiaojiao, SUN Jing, LU Yingjian. Research Progress in the Biosynthesis, Antimicrobial Mechanism, and Application of Lipopeptides in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, xxxx, x(x): 1−9. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021100259
Citation: LUO Xiaojiao, SUN Jing, LU Yingjian. Research Progress in the Biosynthesis, Antimicrobial Mechanism, and Application of Lipopeptides in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, xxxx, x(x): 1−9. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021100259

解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽的生物合成、抑菌机理及应用的研究进展

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021100259
基金项目: 江苏省自然科学基金青年项目(BK20200835)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    罗晓娇(1998−),女,硕士研究生,研究方向:食品微生物,E-mail:xiaojiao122220@163.com

    通讯作者:

    陆颖健(1985−),男,博士,教授,研究方向:食品营养与功能因子,E-mail:yingjianlu@nufe.edu.cn

Research Progress in the Biosynthesis, Antimicrobial Mechanism, and Application of Lipopeptides in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

  • 摘要: 解淀粉芽孢杆菌常作为有益菌广泛应用于食品的生物防治,其中主要的抗菌物质为脂肽类。这些抗菌脂肽具有抗菌、抗肿瘤、抗病毒等生物活性,同时具有安全、广谱、高效、无毒、在体内易分解等优点。因此,解淀粉芽孢杆菌及其脂肽类代谢产物可广泛应用于农作物的生物防治、瓜果蔬菜的保鲜防腐以及采后的微生物防治等,具有巨大的开发应用前景。本文主要从解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽类物质的类型、生物合成、抑菌机制及其应用前景等方面进行论述。
  • 图  1  脂肽结构式[6]

    Figure  1.  Structural formula of lipopeptides[6]

    注:a:伊枯草菌素的结构式(n=9-12),b:表面活性素的结构式(n=9-11; S1=Val, Leu, or Ile; S2=Ala, Val, Leu, or Ile; S3=Val, Leu, or Ile; P1=Val or Ile),c:丰原素的结构式(n=11-14)。

    图  2  脂肽的生物合成

    Figure  2.  Biosynthesis of lipopeptides

    注:MCT: 丙二酰辅酶A转酰基酶结构域,AL:酰基辅酶A连接酶结构域,ACP:肽基载体蛋白结构域,KS:β-酮酰基合成酶结构域,AMT:氨基转移酶结构域,C:缩基结构域,PCP:肽基载体蛋白结构域,A:腺苷酸结构域,E:差向异构结构域,TE:硫脂酶结构域。

    图  3  脂肽抗菌机制

    Figure  3.  Antibacterial mechanism of lipopeptides

    表  1  脂肽主要类型

    Table  1.   Main types of lipopeptides

    类型菌属亚类主要特性
    伊枯草菌素
    (Iturin)
    Bacillus amyloliquefaciens fmbJ[18]
    Bacillus subtilis AU195[19]
    Bacillus velezensis HN-2[11]
    Bacillus subtilis WL-2[20]
    Iturin A抗菌、抑霉、抗肿瘤、
    预防乳腺癌[14, 21]
    Iturin C
    Bacillomycin D
    Bacillomycin F
    Bacillomycin L
    Bacillopeptin
    Mycosubtilin
    表面活性素
    (Surfactin)
    Bacillus amyloliquefaciens WH1[22]
    Bacillus velezensis NAU-B3[23]
    B. subtilis ATCC 21332[24]
    Surfactin强的溶血活性、抗菌、抗病毒、
    抗支原体[6, 25]
    Esperin
    Halobacillin
    Pumilacidin
    丰原素
    (Fengycin)
    Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42[26]
    B. subtilis BBG21[27]
    B. amyloliquefaciens fmb60[16]
    Bacillus pumilus W-7[28]
    Fengycin A较弱的溶血活性,对抗一系列的酵母和丝状真菌[6, 25]
    Fengycin B
    Plipastatin A
    Plipastatin B
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  脂肽生物合成总结

    Table  2.   Summary of lipopeptide biosynthesis

    脂肽生物合成影响因素
    IturinPKS-NRPS杂合复合物氮源、Sigma A因子、ComA转录因子以及群体感应蛋白ComA、DegU、SigmaH、Spo0A等。
    SurfactinNRPS系统合成comQXPrapCsodAdegU等基因。
    FengycinNRPS系统合成PhoP-PhoR双组份调节系统
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  脂肽抗菌机制的异同点

    Table  3.   Comparison of antibacterial mechanisms of lipopeptides

    脂肽类型抑菌机制
    不同点相同点
    Iturin形成嵌入细胞质膜的离子通道,增加细胞膜的通透性导致细胞质渗漏、降低线粒体膜电位和细胞核的浓缩均可造成病原菌细胞的破裂死亡
    Surfactin插入细胞壁与病菌细胞质膜相互作用并产生离子孔,导致菌体结构破坏,引起病原菌死亡;可诱导植物自身抗性系统来防御病原菌的侵害
    Fengycin直接作用于病原菌细胞膜,造成细胞破裂;可诱导植物自身抗性系统来防御病原菌的侵害
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  解淀粉芽孢杆菌中脂肽的应用

    Table  4.   Application of lipopeptides fromBacillus amyloliquefaciens

    领域相关脂肽应用应用文献
    农业Iturin抑制引起植物疾病的细菌、真菌等,防止动物饲料的腐败。[48,17]
    Fengycin可抑制谷物中的禾谷镰刀菌;抑制蔬菜中的真菌病毒。[26,49]
    工业Iturin化妆品、纺织制造业、石油的降解等[50]
    Surfactin化妆品及洗涤剂的应用、石油的降解、提高回收率等[50]
    食品Iturin抑菌、抑制草莓腐败真菌镰刀菌和番茄灰霉病菌,抑制枇杷炭疽病等。[4, 51]
    Surfactin乳化剂、稳定剂、表面改性剂等。[52]
    医疗Iturin可治疗由耐药金葡萄球菌引起的各种感染,抗癌、抗肿瘤[47, 53]
    Surfactin药学微乳技术,药物合成中改变改变离子的溶剂化程度改变离子的反应活性;用于口服胰岛素,避免其受胃肠道中的酸性和酶攻击;协助相关药物治疗肿瘤。[22, 54]
    Fengycin抗炎、抗癌、抗肿瘤、免疫调节等。[27, 47]
    环境保护Surfactin清理土壤和水、防止有机和无机的有毒污染物快速积累等。[55]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-10-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-02

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