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中国精品科技期刊2020

食用油营养研究进展与健康声称管理现状

陈静茹 赵瑾凯 王晨 陈鑫 王黎明 应剑 孟庆佳

陈静茹,赵瑾凯,王晨,等. 食用油营养研究进展与健康声称管理现状[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):1−9. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021110368
引用本文: 陈静茹,赵瑾凯,王晨,等. 食用油营养研究进展与健康声称管理现状[J]. 食品工业科技,2022,43(12):1−9. doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021110368
CHEN Jingru, ZHAO Jinkai, WANG Chen, et al. Research Progress of Edible Oil Nutrition and Management Statue of Their Health Claims[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 1−9. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021110368
Citation: CHEN Jingru, ZHAO Jinkai, WANG Chen, et al. Research Progress of Edible Oil Nutrition and Management Statue of Their Health Claims[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2022, 43(12): 1−9. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi:  10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021110368

食用油营养研究进展与健康声称管理现状

doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2021110368
基金项目: “十三五”国家重点研发计划(2017YFD0400501)。
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈静茹(1995−),女,硕士,研究方向:食品科学,E-mail:chenjingru1@cofco.com

    通讯作者:

    孟庆佳(1984−),女,硕士,高级工程师,研究方向:食品科学,E-mail:mengqingjia@cofco.com

  • 中图分类号: TS213

Research Progress of Edible Oil Nutrition and Management Statue of Their Health Claims

  • 摘要: 随着人们消费观念的变化与食用油种类的增加,食用油的营养价值受到越来越多的关注。本文综述了食用油营养成分研究进展,包括脂肪酸类营养成分和微量营养成分,以及中国、美国、加拿大、澳大利亚和新西兰、日本等国家和地区的食用油健康声称管理法规标准现状,综合分析影响食用油健康声称的因素。建议我国应加强食品标签声称规范标准体系建设,立足食品与健康的综合关系,全面考量食品整体营养价值,这对消费者合理选择食用油以及提高健康意识具有重要意义。
  • 图  1  常见食用植物油中脂肪酸组成情况

    Figure  1.  Fatty acid composition of common edible vegetable oils

    注:数据引自《中国食物成分表标准版(第6版)》。

    表  1  各国与食用油相关的成分健康声称

    Table  1.   1Ingredient health claims of edible oil in different countries

    国家成分健康声称摄入量/含量要求备注
    美国植物甾醇含有至少0.65 g植物甾醇的食物,每日食用2次,每次1.3 g,作为低饱和脂肪酸和低胆固醇膳食的一部分,可减少心脏病发病风险含有至少0.65 g植物甾醇的食物,每日食用2次,每次1.3 g健康声称
    美国油酸每天食用至少含10 g油酸(一汤匙)的食用油,可以降低患冠心病的风险。应取代饱和脂肪酸含量更高的油,而非增加每天摄入总能量健康声称
    欧盟维生素E维生素E有助于保护细胞调节氧化应激反应
    欧盟油酸用不饱和脂肪酸代替饮食中的饱和脂肪酸,有助于维持正常的血液胆固醇水平。油酸是一种不饱和脂肪酸产品中的脂肪酸至少有70%来源于不饱和脂肪且不饱和脂肪的能量占产品能量的20%以上
    欧盟亚油酸/亚麻酸定期食用必需脂肪酸对于儿童的正常成长和发育很重要
    欧盟亚油酸亚油酸有助于维持正常的血液胆固醇水平每日摄入10 g
    欧盟植物甾醇植物甾醇可显著降低血浆中胆固醇水平,而高胆固醇是一个冠心病发生的危险因素每天摄入至少0.8 g植物甾醇/植物甾醇酯有利于维持胆固醇水平
    加拿大饱和脂肪酸和
    反式脂肪酸
    食品中饱和脂肪酸和反式脂肪酸含量较低,可以降低患心脏病的风险a.每份食物中饱和脂肪酸和反式脂肪酸含量≤2 g;或饱和脂肪酸和反式脂肪酸的含量≤2 g/100 g预包装食品;
    b.食物从饱和脂肪酸和反式脂肪酸的总和中提供的能量≤15%
    加拿大维生素E饮食抗氧化剂;膳食抗氧化剂,可保护人体组织中的脂肪调节氧化应激反应
    澳大利亚
    和新西兰
    植物甾醇植物甾醇、植物固醇及其酯类,可以降低血胆固醇水平每份该食品必须含植物甾醇等同物≥0.8 g高级健康声称
    澳大利亚
    和新西兰
    维生素E维生素E有助于保护细胞免受自由基的损伤

    有助于儿童正常的生长发育
    维生素/矿物质声称要求:每份食物含有至少10%的该维生素或矿物质的RDI(Recommend-ed Dietary Intake,每日膳食推荐量)和ESADDI(Estimated Safe and Adequate Daily Dietary Intake,估计每日安全和充足的饮食摄入量)。不包括:咖啡饮料;婴儿食品;代餐;配制的补充运动食品等一般健康声称
    日本n-3脂肪酸n-3脂肪酸是维持皮肤健康的营养素每日摄入量:0.6~2.0 g营养素功能食品
    维生素E维生素E是抗氧化、防止脂质氧化、维持细胞健康的营养素每日摄入量:1.89~150 mg营养素功能食品
    中国维生素E维生素E有抗氧化作用营养成分功能声称
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-24
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-15

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    《食品工业科技》特邀主编专栏征稿:枸杞、红枣、沙棘等食药同源健康食品研究与开发