Grape is one of the largest agricultural products exported from China to ASEAN. Grapes are prone to diseases and insect pests in the production process, and a variety of pesticides are used on them. Pesticide residue is an important factor affecting the quality and safety of grapes. Both China and ASEAN countries have set the maximum residue limit (MRL) of pesticides on grapes. This paper compares the pesticide MRL on grapes in China, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia and Myanmar, and analyses the risk of excessive pesticide residues in China's export of grapes to ASEAN. The conclusion shows that mancozeb, thiram, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph which are registered on grapes, and fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, fipronil, malathion, deltamethrin, trichlorfon which are unregistered on grapes, have a high risk of excessive pesticide residues when exporting grapes. In addition, Thailand and Malaysia have set a default limit of 0.01 mg/kg, for the pesticides which are registered on grapes in China and have no standard in these two counties and Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), should also be concerned when exporting grapes.