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中国精品科技期刊2020
杨威,姬红慎,廖俊辉,等. 辣椒主要提取物对机体运动表现的影响及潜在机制[J]. 食品工业科技,2024,45(15):1−10. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023090141.
引用本文: 杨威,姬红慎,廖俊辉,等. 辣椒主要提取物对机体运动表现的影响及潜在机制[J]. 食品工业科技,2024,45(15):1−10. doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023090141.
YANG Wei, JI Hongshen, LIAO Junhui, et al. Effects of Main Extracts of Capsicum on Exercise Performance and Its Potential Mechanisms[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2024, 45(15): 1−10. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023090141.
Citation: YANG Wei, JI Hongshen, LIAO Junhui, et al. Effects of Main Extracts of Capsicum on Exercise Performance and Its Potential Mechanisms[J]. Science and Technology of Food Industry, 2024, 45(15): 1−10. (in Chinese with English abstract). doi: 10.13386/j.issn1002-0306.2023090141.

辣椒主要提取物对机体运动表现的影响及潜在机制

Effects of Main Extracts of Capsicum on Exercise Performance and Its Potential Mechanisms

  • 摘要: 辣椒主要提取物是一系列辣椒素类和辣椒素酯类物质的总称,了解其对运动表现的影响能够为该物质在运动领域的应用提供依据。本研究对近二十年辣椒主要提取物与运动表现的相关研究进行了梳理与综述,结果显示:辣椒主要提取物能够提升机体的有氧耐力、无氧、肌肉力量和高强度间歇等运动表现,其中肌肉爆发力、最大力量、无氧等短时间高强度运动表现提升的机制与辣椒主要提取物导致的肌浆网Ca2+离子浓度和神经肌肉接头乙酰胆碱释放增加有关,有氧耐力、肌肉耐力、高强度间歇运动等长时间次高强度运动表现提升的机制与辣椒主要提取物产生的抗氧化、抗炎、镇痛、扩血管、增加脂肪供能水平等作用有关。辣椒主要提取物与运动表现未来的研究需要聚焦更多运动类型和受试群体、特殊环境、慢性干预、剂-效关系、机制确认、辣椒素酯类物质的应用等方面。综上,辣椒主要提取物能够提升机体的运动表现,其在运动领域可能具有广泛的应用前景。

     

    Abstract: Understanding the effect of main extracts of capsicum, a general name of a series of capsaicinoids and capsinoids substances, on exercise performance can provide a basis for the application of this substance in sports. This article provides a comprehensive and critical review of the research on main extracts of capsicum and exercise performance based on selected articles published in peer-reviewed journal over the past 20 years. The results show that: the main extracts of capsicum are effective for improving aerobic endurance, anaerobic, muscle strength and high intensity intermittent exercise performance. The mechanism by which the main extracts of capsaicum enhancing muscle explosive strength, maximum strength, anaerobic performance is related to the increase of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ concentration and neuromuscular junction acetylcholine release and improving aerobic endurance, muscle endurance, high-intensity intermittent exercise performance is related to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, vasodilator, and increasing energy contribution from fat. Future research needs to focus on more exercise types and subject groups, special environment, chronic intervention, dose-effect relationship, mechanism confirmation, and application of capsiate. In summary, the main extracts of capsicum can improve the exercise performance, and it may have a wide application prospect in sports.

     

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